Checking Quality and Levels of Fluids

Every fluid in your car has a specific purpose and role in keeping your car running smoothly and safely. It’s important to check these fluids regularly to make sure the level and quality are up to your car’s optimal standards. Here’s how to check the fluids in your vehicle.

Engine Oil

Oil is what keeps all the components of your engine running properly. Not enough oil or extremely dirty oil can cause damage to your engine, so it’s crucial that you change your oil every 3,000-5,000 miles, or every three months. To check your oil yourself, remove the dipstick and wipe it clean, then reinsert it to check the level. Add more oil if necessary, but change completely if past your change date or mileage marker.


Coolant is a useful fluid that helps regulate the temperature of your engine. It keeps it from freezing in the winter and overheating in the summer. To check the level of coolant in your car, check the clear plastic container located near the radiator. If low, add a mix of half water, half antifreeze.


The brake fluid in your car keeps all the components of your braking system lubricated. Check the clear reservoir for the minimum and maximum lines. Fill if low, but take your car to a mechanic to check for leaks.

Power Steering

Power steering fluid is responsible for the power that makes hydraulic steering possible. To check levels, locate the small tank at the windshield’s base.

Windshield Wipers

Windshield wiper solution is what keeps your windshield clear of bugs, dirt, and debris. You can also use a de-icing liquid in the winter to help clear snow and ice. The windshield washer container is usually a white color and has a symbol or label on the cap.

Get in the habit of checking the fluids in your car. It will help keep your car running properly. Check with a mechanic with any questions or assistance locating any of the fluids under your hood.